Vascular Malformation in Children

Also known as: port wine stains, venous malformations, lymphatic malformations, arteriovenous malformations

What are vascular malformations?

A vascular malformation is an abnormality where clusters of blood vessels develop during fetal development. There are a number of subtypes including:

What causes vascular malformation?

While they can be sporadic, vascular malformations may be a result of an inherited gene abnormality.

What are the symptoms of vascular malformations?

They often cause blemishes or masses on the body, but can present incidentally with headaches or seizures if located in the brain. To diagnose a vascular malformation, our physicians use ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or computed tomography (CT) scans.

What are the treatments for vascular malformations?

Treatments vary depending on the condition’s clinical presentation. While some patients may need surgery, others can be treated with interventional radiology. Each patient and malformation is unique, so our team will analyze your child’s situation to determine the correct treatment.

vascular malformations

Reviewed by: Anthony F. Rossi, MD

This page was last updated on: August 19, 2021 12:23 PM

Children's Dermatology

The Division of Dermatology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital focuses on the latest medications and technology available for the specialized treatment of all skin diseases and disorders affecting children of all ages.

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Lymphatic Malformation

A lymphatic malformation is a mass in the head or neck that results from an abnormal formation of lymphatic vessels. Learn more

Interventional Radiology for Vascular Malformations

Vascular malformations can be treated with sclerotherapy. During this procedure, the interventional radiologist injects the lesion with a medication that shrinks it. Learn more