Vascular Malformation in Children

Also known as: port wine stains, venous malformations, lymphatic malformations, arteriovenous malformations

What are vascular malformations in children?

A vascular malformation is an abnormality where clusters of blood vessels develop during fetal development. There are a number of subtypes including:

Vascular malformation causes, diagnosis, and symptoms

While they can be sporadic, vascular malformations may be a result of an inherited gene abnormality. They often cause blemishes or masses on the body, but can present incidentally with headaches or seizures if located in the brain.

To diagnose a vascular malformation, our physicians use ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or computed tomography (CT) scans.

Treatment for pediatric vascular malformations

Treatments vary depending on the condition’s clinical presentation. While some patients may need surgery, others can be treated with interventional radiology (vascular malformation sclerotherapy). Each patient and malformation is unique, so our team will analyze your child’s situation to determine the correct treatment.

vascular malformations

LogoThe Brain Institute at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital

Part of our world-renowned Brain Institute, the Nicklaus Children's Hospital's Neurovascular Center of Excellence is one of the few departments of its kind. Our Center is the only location in South Florida specializing in pediatric vascular malformations and stroke.

This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 04:59 PM

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Interventional Radiology for Vascular Malformations

Vascular malformations can be treated with sclerotherapy. During this procedure, the interventional radiologist injects the lesion with a medication that shrinks it. Learn more