Comprehensive evaluation of renal functions, including kidney biopsies, are provided by the Division of Nephrology. The division's physicians treat kidney disorders in children including:
- Congenital anomalies of the urinary tract including vesicoureteral reflux and obstructive uropathy
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Renal parenchyma diseases including glomerulonephritis
- Tubular diseases
- Collagen vascular diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus.
Dialysis for patients suffering from acute renal failure is also performed through the pediatric nephrology program. The dialysis program includes hemodialysis, acute and chronic peritoneal dialysis and continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration.
The pediatric nephrology division's Enuresis Center provides treatment of enuresis-associated urinary disorders by medical or surgical methods. From five to seven million children in the United States suffer from primary nocturnal enuresis primarily between the ages of 6 and 16.
The Center for Enuresis & Urinary Disorders at Nicklaus Children's Hospital, formerly Miami Children's Hospital, offers a comprehensive approach for diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of dysfunctional urinary disorders in children. The staff consists of a physician who supervises all functions of the center, and a specialized nursing staff trained to meet the special needs of children.
Through education and direct contact with patients and families, the pediatric nephrology division can show that enuresis, a genetic disorder, is simply a dysfunction of the human body and a treatable condition.
The center specializes in Urodynamics, the measurement of functional processes in the lower urinary tract, mainly the bladder. With the help of these tests it is possible to diagnose various types of "incontinence" and to follow with appropriate therapy. All urodynamic examinations are regulated by the International Continence Society and each urodynamic testing is conducted by a certified and experienced technician under medical supervision.