Renal Conditions and Disorders we Treat

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Acute Kidney Injury

When the kidneys are suddenly damaged and cannot perform their normal function of removing extra fluid, salts, waste and toxins from the blood, the condition is known as acute kidney injury.


Please see Enuresis for further information.

Chronic Kidney Disease

The kidneys are critical organs that remove waste and excess water from the blood and direct it into your urine. When the kidneys lose function, this is known as chronic kidney disease.


When fluid from the lymphatic system leaks into the kidneys and turns the urine a milky color, this rare condition is known as chyluria.

Collagen Vascular Diseases

Collagen is the main protein in connective tissue. When this tissue is abnormal some of diseases that occur involve many organ systems including skeleton, lungs, eyes, heart and blood vessels.

Congenital Anomalies of the Urinary Tract

Congenital anomalies of the urogenital tract, are a broad group of common, mild to life-threatening malformations present at birth that occur during fetal development of the urinary/genital system.

Ectopic Ureter

The ureters are the tubes in the body that drain urine from the kidneys to the bladder. A ureter that is not connected to the bladder, and drains somewhere else is known as an ectopic ureter.

Electrolyte Imbalance

When electrolytes are out of balance in the body (either too high or too low) they cause problems in many organ or systems.


Bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis) is the common problem of multiple episodes of wetting the bed in children over 7 years old, with no history of a urinary tract infection.


Glomerulonephritis is an acute or chronic inflammatory disease of the glomeruli which prevents the kidneys from functioning properly.


Red blood cells in the urine is known as hematuria and is quite common in children. Urine may appear to have a pinkish hue, it may be red, or even brown.

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a fairly uncommon life-threatening form of kidney disease which can result in kidney failure.

High Blood Pressure

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is defined as a child's blood pressure greater than that of  95% of their normal peers.

Horseshoe Kidney

Horseshoe kidney is a disorder in which the two kidneys are fused together as one at the lower end giving it a horseshoe-shaped “U” form.

Kidney Failure

The kidneys are responsible for filtering the water and waste material of the body by the bloodstream and transforming it into urine to be emptied from the bladder. Renal failure results when damage to the kidneys impairs this function.

Kidney Stones

A kidney stone is a solid, hard, pebble-like object that forms in a child’s kidneys when normal urine substances become very concentrated.

Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney

Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a common birth defect in which a baby’s normal kidney tissue (usually only on one side) is replaced by many cysts.

Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms caused by kidney damage which results in children generally between the ages of 2-6 years, leaking a protein normally found in blood, into the urine.

Obstructive Uropathy

Obstructive uropathy is a condition in which there is a blockage of the urine flow in the tube that carries urine between the kidneys and the bladder, or anywhere to the external urethral meatus.

Polycystic Kidney Disease

PKD is a kidney disorder where numerous cysts enlarge in both kidneys reducing the amount of normal kidney tissue and thereby the kidney’s ability to function normally, leading to kidney failure.

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

he pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of three enzymes is the bridge that gives the body the flexibility to switch from one source of energy to the other. PDC deficiency is a disorder resulting from a lack of one of the three enzymes.

Renal Parenchymal Disease

Renal parenchyma disease describes medical conditions which damages the renal cortex and the renal medulla.

Tubular Diseases

Renal tubular disorders are a diverse group of conditions, both generalized and specific that develop when the tubules don’t work properly resulting in the body’s blood water, salts, and level of acidity, singly or together, becoming abnormal.

Urinary Tract Infection

The body's urinary tract includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. When an infection does occur in the urinary system, it is known as a urinary tract infection, or UTI.

VATER Syndrome

VATER syndrome refers to several birth defects that frequently occur in conjunction with one another. The letters stand for vertebrae, anus, trachea, esophagus and renal.

Vesicoureteral Reflux

When urine flows backwards from bladder towards the kidneys the condition is called vesicoureteral reflux.

Wilms’ Tumor

Wilm's tumor is a rare type of cancer that starts in the kidney and occurs most often in children ages 3 or 4.