Pedatric Cancer Advanced Treatments and Procedures

Children with cancer and blood disorders have special physical, emotional and psychological needs. They require the highest level of medical expertise and highly specialized treatment combined with very personalized support from their physicians and care staff. That’s exactly what we provide at Nicklaus Children’s.

Every member of your care team – from diagnostics, through treatment and ongoing support – is trained and experienced in supporting children and their families who are dealing with a serious illness. Their skill and compassion can make all the difference for a child and family during this time – renewing health and restoring hope.

Cancer Center Treatments

Blood Transfusions

A blood transfusion is when blood is infused into the body to replace missing blood. Learn more


Chemotherapy is a common form of cancer treatment. It refers to drugs that are often used to kill cancer cells and prevent them from coming back. Learn more

Chimerism Test

A chimerism test is a genetic blood test that is performed after a patient receives a hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Learn more

Collection of Hematopoietic Stem Cells

The body’s stem cells can be used for treatments for a number of different disease, including certain cancers and non-malignant conditions. Learn more

Complete Blood Count

A complete blood count is a common blood test that’s often taken during physicals or other medical checkups. It provides an evaluation of overall health, and also checks for certain disorders such as infection, anemia, leukemia, immune system disorders and other diseases. Learn more

Head and Neck Cancer and Tumor Surgery

In the pediatric population there are variety of tumors that can originate in the head and neck. Common tumors are lymphoma, salivary tumors and thyroid cancer. Learn more

Hydroxyurea Treatment

Hydroxyurea is a medicine that can help children and adults with sickle cell disease. Learn more

Intraoperative MRI (iMRI)

The iMRI supports the hospital’s neurosurgeons in maximizing resection of abnormal brain tissue. Learn more

MRI-Guided Laser Ablation Surgery

MRI-guided laser ablation surgery (Visualase) is a non-invasive technique that’s used to treat brain tumors, epilepsy and other problems. Learn more


Photopheresis is a medical procedure that can treat graft versus host disease. It involves suppressing the immune system to prevent it from reacting adversely on the skin. Learn more

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is a common form of cancer treatment. It refers to exposing the body to beams of radiation that are used to kill cancer cells and prevent them from coming back. Learn more

T Cell Collection by Apheresis

The body’s T cells are a type of white blood cell that can be used for treatments for a number of different diseases including cancer. The process of collecting these T cells is known as T cell collection by apheresis. Learn more

Pediatric Surgery for Cancer & Blood Disorders

The Cancer & Blood Disorders Center team includes Nicklaus Children's Hospital’s Department of Pediatric Surgery, which includes some of the region’s most respected pediatric surgeons. The surgical excision of primary tumors plays a major part in the treatment of solid tumors in the abdomen, chest, head, neck and extremities. The surgical oncology team performs diagnostic and excisional biopsies using advanced techniques including the newest minimally-invasive technologies for cancer surgery, such as thoracoscopy and laparoscopy (video-surgery). The surgeons also place intravenous access for children requiring long-term chemotherapy. The team’s use of smaller IV devices in surgery for cancer has led to a decrease in the incidence of catheter-related complications.

All members of our surgical team are board-certified by the American Board of Surgery. They have special expertise in pediatric tumors and regularly attend ongoing educational programs to keep abreast of advanced therapies. The surgical team also participates in national research protocols.

Neurosurgery Services

brain institute logoNicklaus Children's internationally renowned Brain Institute is involved in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, including tumors of the brain and spinal cord. The Institute’s pediatric neurosurgeons are nationally recognized leaders in the field and are the only physicians in the region to be certified by the American Board of Pediatric Neurological Surgery. The Brain Institute features the latest neurosurgical equipment, including intra-operative, neuro-navigational systems that allow the surgeon to integrate preoperative imagery with the operative procedure; and an MRI Functional Imagery Center that pinpoints brain function and motor skills, thereby enhancing cancer surgery outcomes.

Orthopedic Surgical Services

ortho logoFor tumors involving the musculoskeletal system, Nicklaus Children's Orthopedic Surgery Center offers full evaluation and treatment, including prescribing and interpreting imaging and testing, as well as performing biopsies and definitive cancer surgery treatment. The orthopedic surgical team is one of the region’s most experienced in the removal of pediatric tumors, limb salvaging and reconstruction of children’s extremities following tumor removal. The team is one of a few in the region to utilize a new internally implanted device that makes it possible for a child’s leg to grow through a series of nonsurgical adjustments, eliminating the need for future leg-lengthening surgeries. The department also coordinates rehabilitative care of the patient following cancer surgery.