Cerebral Palsy, Spasticity and Movement Disorders Program

Spasticity and Movement Disorders Clinic

As part of Nicklaus Children’s Hospital’s Brain Institute, the Spasticity and Movement Disorders Program provides a multidisciplinary approach, treating movement conditions and disorders, including cerebral palsy. The program strives to treat and prevent mechanically unbalanced joints in children with spasticity to improve functional performance and foster a more independent lifestyle.

Conditions We Treat

  • Spasticity: stiffness of muscles or resistance to stretching that interferes with normal movement.
  • Dystonia: abnormal body movements or postures such as twisting that interfere with normal movement and coordination.

These conditions occur as a result of any damage within the central nervous system that impairs the coordination of muscle activity. It is most commonly related to:

  • Cerebral palsy from birth-related complications
  • Trauma
  • Stroke
  • Genetic conditions

The Importance of a Team Approach to Care

During clinic visits, patients are seen by specialists in neurology, neurosurgery, orthopedics, physiatry and physical/occupational therapy. Specialists meet after each clinic and discuss every case individually. The clinical coordinator reaches out to the family to review treatment recommendations and schedule specific interventions. Meet the Team.

Treatment Options for Spasticity

The Spasticity and Movement Disorders Clinic offers a variety of treatments options to manage spasticity. Treatments options are individualized to each patient depending on the cause of the condition, age, general health and nutritional status as well as goals of treatment.

Treatments for Dystonia

  • For dystonia, we offer oral medications, Botox injections and placement of a deep brain stimulator, an implantable device that sends electrical impulses to help with the management of movement and other neurological disorders. Patients may also need orthopedic surgery to correct bone deformities or lengthen tendons.

Baclofen Pump Insertion and Therapy

  • Intrathecal Baclofen pump therapy consists of the administration of continuous intrathecal Baclofen via an implanted, programmable pump. Refills of the baclofen medication are required at regular intervals based on the individual patient’s needs to ensure a continuous supply of the medication. This treatment can be a good option for patients whose arms are more affected than their legs, or have a combination of spasticity and other movement disorders such as dystonia.

Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy

  • Another treatment option to relieve spasticity. The sensory nerve bundles that are the most abnormal are selectively cut to help alleviate the spasticity. This can help patients who walk using assistive devices to improve walking ability. It can also be considered for other patients who have significant pain related to their spasticity as a “palliative” option. Patients need intensive rehabilitation after the surgery to achieve the best outcomes.

Deep Brain Stimulation

  • Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an option for patients who suffer from movement disorders such as dystonia. It is a neurosurgical procedure involving the implantation of a “brain pacemaker” that sends electrical impulses, via implanted electrodes to specific parts of the brain for treatment of movement disorders.

Use of iMRI

Nicklaus Children’s Hospital is the first pediatric facility in Florida to acquire intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) leading-edge equipment, which brings MRI technology – recognized as the “gold standard” in differentiating between healthy and abnormal brain tissue – directly into the surgical suite to enhance safety and ensure complete removal of tumors and preservation of healthy tissue.

Contact the Brain Institute
 786-624-2381


Intraoperative MRI
Dr. John Ragheb, director of the division of neurosurgery, discusses guided imaging which brings MRI technology directly into the surgical suite to enhance safety and ensure complete removal of tumors and preservation of healthy tissue.

Service Locations

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Nicklaus Children's Hospital Main Campus
3100 SW 62nd Avenue
Miami, FL 33155

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