Congenital HIV

Also known as: Neonatal HIV infection.

What is congenital HIV?

HIV is a potentially dangerous viral infection that can ultimately lead to AIDS if left untreated. When the virus is passed to an unborn fetus by the mother, this is known as congenital HIV.
 

What causes congenital HIV? 

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the cause of the illness. It can be passed from a mother to baby while in the uterus, during delivery or while breastfeeding.
                                                  

What are the symptoms of congenital HIV? 

Initially, there are no symptoms to congenital HIV. Over time, the virus attacks the immune system and leads to complications such as lack of energy, weight loss, fevers and sweats, skin rashes, yeast infections, recurrent bacterial infections, diarrhea, developmental delay and many other complications.
 

What are congenital HIV care options?

If a mother is taking HIV treatment during pregnancy, it reduces the risk of passing the virus to the infant. HIV medications can help delay or void the progression to AIDS and help the child live a better and normal life.

Reviewed by: Manuel Rafael Cotilla, MD

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:16:54 PM

From the Newsdesk

December Patient of the Month: Charlie

After surviving a high-risk pregnancy with a set of twins, the Strombom’s were faced with yet another complication. Their third child, an unborn baby named Charlie, was diagnosed with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) and underwent two in utero interventions to allow for a full and healthy gestation period. Once delivered, the LifeFlight team from Nicklaus Children’s Hospital was on stand-by to transport Charlie from West Palm Beach to Miami.

December Patient of the Month: Charlie

After surviving a high-risk pregnancy with a set of twins, the Strombom’s were faced with yet another complication. Their third child, an unborn baby named Charlie, was diagnosed with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) and underwent two in utero interventions to allow for a full and healthy gestation period. Once delivered, the LifeFlight team from Nicklaus Children’s Hospital was on stand-by to transport Charlie from West Palm Beach to Miami.