Also known as: yeast infection

What is candidiasis?

Candidiasis is the scientific term for an infection caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans. Normally it lives on/in the body and is harmless;  often being found on the skin, vaginal area, and gastrointestinal tract. When it overgrows (for a number of reasons) it can cause an infection of the skin, vagina, stomach, urinary tract or mouth with a variety of symptoms.

What causes candidiasis?

While a fungus (Candida albicans) is the cause of candidiasis, children are at increased risk in hot humid weather, the fungus is allowed to contact irritated skin (like a diaper area , poor hygiene, and are taking antibiotics or corticosteroids.

Medical conditions that prevent the child from fully fighting an infection (immune system abnormalities) may also place a child at risk for developing a candida infection.

What are the signs/ symptoms of candidiasis?

Depending on the body area involved, a Candida infection may can cause:

  • Rash

  • Itching

  • Blisters

  • Pimples

  • Cracks or white patches on the tongue, in or around the mouth

  • Creamy white vaginal discharge

  • Redness and pain in the case of a vaginal yeast infection.

What are candidiasis care options?

Treatment depends on the severity of the infection and where it occurs. A variety of antifungal medications are available as ointments, mouth washes, lozenges, vaginal suppositories, pills, creams or oral anti-yeast medications depending on the location and nature of the infection.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:02 PM

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