Also known as: yeast infection
What is candidiasis?
Candidiasis is the scientific term for an infection caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans. Normally it lives on/in the body and is harmless; often being found on the skin, vaginal area, and gastrointestinal tract. When it overgrows (for a number of reasons) it can cause an infection of the skin, vagina, stomach, urinary tract or mouth with a variety of symptoms.
What causes candidiasis?
While a fungus (Candida albicans) is the cause of candidiasis, children are at increased risk in hot humid weather, the fungus is allowed to contact irritated skin (like a diaper area , poor hygiene, and are taking antibiotics or corticosteroids.
Medical conditions that prevent the child from fully fighting an infection (immune system abnormalities) may also place a child at risk for developing a candida infection.
What are the signs/ symptoms of candidiasis?
Depending on the body area involved, a Candida infection may can cause:
Cracks or white patches on the tongue, in or around the mouth
Creamy white vaginal discharge
Redness and pain in the case of a vaginal yeast infection.
What are candidiasis care options?
Treatment depends on the severity of the infection and where it occurs. A variety of antifungal medications are available as ointments, mouth washes, lozenges, vaginal suppositories, pills, creams or oral anti-yeast medications depending on the location and nature of the infection.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:02 PM