Cerebral Venous Thrombosis/Cerebral Sinovenous Thrombosis

Also known as: cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, sinus, cerebral vein thrombosis and CSVT.

What is cerebral venous thrombosis?

Cerebral venous thrombosis is an increasingly recognized cause of stroke in a newborn baby, or children, about 40% of childhood CSVT’s.

A blood clot develops in the venous sinuses of the brain, for a number of reasons, which blocks the flow of blood out of the brain. This leads to blood leaking out of the cerebral veins (hemorrhage) and if the venous pressure is high enough, a decrease in arterial blood flow into the brain with brain damage caused by lack of oxygen.


What causes cerebral venous thrombosis?

There are a number of  medical conditions that impact blood clotting which can lead to cerebral venous thrombosis.

Risk factors include:

  • Problems associated with abnormal clotting mechanisms

  • Abnormalities in the head and neck

  • Fever

  • Dehydration

  • Anemias

  • Kidney disease

  • Congenital heart disease

  • Infections (otitis media, mastoiditis and meningitis)

  • Head trauma

  • Cancer

  • Diabetes

  • And other chronic conditions

 

What are the symptoms of cerebral venous thrombosis? 

Symptoms of cerebral venous thrombosis vary depending on the location of the clotted vein and can include headache, blurred vision, fainting, seizures, difficulty moving limbs, increased pressure in the head, coma, and brain injury.


What are cerebral venous thrombosis care options?

Cerebral venous thrombosis is a medical emergency and must be treated in the hospital. Treatments may include IV fluids and medications to treat infections, seizures and blood clots. Surgery is sometimes needed and rehabilitation is often necessary.


Upcoming Events

Best Practices in Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Symposium

This one day course will include educational sessions, case studies, and panel discussions that highlight evidence-based information for managing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other related disabilities for children ages birth to 5.

Learn more and register

Introduction to Conscious Discipline

This workshop is designed to introduce you to a “better way” by providing an overview of Conscious Discipline® created by Dr. Becky Bailey. You will learn basic information about the human brain and about social emotional intelligence in order to have more tools to discipline your children effectively.

Learn more and register

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 1:58:09 PM

From the Newsdesk

BWS Family Conference
07/20/2018 — This conference is designed to provide individuals with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) and their family’s up-to-date information about the possible aspects of BWS and their management.  
March Patient of the Month: Theodore
03/15/2018 — Meet our March Patient of the Month, Theodore. Theodore was diagnosed with cleft palate, cleft lip and a heart problem when he was only 18 weeks old. After he was born, Theodore had to be admitted into the NICU to be able to perform the necessary surgeries for him to live a healthy life.