Brain Tumors

Also known as: malignant brain tumors, benign brain tumors, primary brain tumors, metastatic brain tumors.

What are brain tumors?

The term brain tumor refers to an unusual growth of tissue seen in the brain irrespective of the nature and cause of the growth. Primary tumors of the brain may be benign or non-cancerous and be discovered incidentally or cause symptoms, while others are cancerous (malignant). Any tumor that starts in another part of the body and spreads to the brain, is known as a metastatic tumor. It may be stated that brain tumors are one of the most common tumors seen in the pediatric population.  


What causes brain tumors?

While the exact etiology of brain tumors is not known, our knowledge of the factors predisposing to brain tumors is improving. Brain tumors typically occur due to a mutation in the DNA in the cells of the brain. This becomes more likely as people age, if they have a family history of brain tumors, or due to environmental exposures such as radiation. Some children may have a predilection to develop tumors of the brain.


What are the symptoms of brain tumors? 

While some brain tumors might not cause any symptoms, others can lead to increasing symptoms such as headaches; difficulties with balance, speech, hearing or vision; nausea; confusion; personality changes; seizures or loss of sensation or movement.


What are brain tumor care options? 

There are several treatment options for brain tumors based on their type or severity. Surgery has now become very safe and can be used to remove the brain tumor. If the tumor is cancerous, additional therapies such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and others can be used to try to rid the body of cancer.


Reviewed by: Gregory W Hornig, MD

This page was last updated on: 6/21/2019 2:16:01 AM


Upcoming Events

Cancer Center's Mini Relay for Life

Date: Thursday, November 07, 2019

The Cancer & Blood Disorders Center at Nicklaus Children’s is hosting an American Cancer Society Mini Relay for Life "Power in Purple" in honor of all those touched by cancer. Learn more.

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Caring for Kids With Cancer Symposium

Date: Saturday, October 19, 2019

Nicklaus Children's Hospital and the Miami Cancer Institute, part of Baptist Health South Florida, are again collaborating for The Caring for Kids with Cancer Symposium. Learn more.

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Brain Wellness: Kids Yoga

This program is provided by a certified yoga instructor. It offers children and teens the following benefits: managing stress through breathing, self-awareness, healthy movement and meditation. Yoga also promotes strength, flexibility, coordination and body awareness. Learn more.