Sprains and Strains
Also known as: ankle sprain, ankle strain, wrist sprain, wrist strain, knee sprain, knee strain.
What are sprains and strains?
Sprains and strains are two related but slightly different injuries. If the ligaments, or bands of tissue that connect the bones in a joint, get stretched or torn, this is a sprain. If a muscle or tendon, the bands of tissue that connects muscles to bones, get stretched or torn, this is known as a strain.
What causes sprains and strains?
Sprains and strain are caused by injuries, either from a direct impact to a joint or overuse of the joint due to a repetitive motion.
What are the symptoms of sprains and strains?
Pain, bruising, swelling, a popping sensation or difficulty moving or using the joint are common symptoms of sprains and strains. They can occur in the ankles, knees, wrists or other joints throughout the body.
What are sprains and strains care options?
Mild sprains and strains can be treated with rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE) and over-the-counter medications. Braces or splints can help immobilize the injury while it heals. Physical therapy and stretching exercises can also help. In some instances, surgery may be required to repair the injury.
Reviewed by: Annie L Casta, MD
This page was last updated on: 5/23/2018 10:04:23 AM
Longevity in Sports Performance, Considerations from Elementary to Post Professional
This course will give the athletic trainer and physical therapist an overview of athletic development models and orthopedic/rehabilitative management of several conditions that influence athletic performance.
Learn more and register
From the Newsdesk
The medical staff, employees and volunteers of Nicklaus Children’s Hospital mourn the passing of our esteemed Dr. Sanjiv Bhatia, a longstanding leader and dedicated champion for children with complex medical conditions and their families.