Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
Also known as: TDC, thyroglossal cyst.
What is thyroglossal duct cyst?
A thyroglossal duct cyst is a mass that forms in the neck, most often in children. It’s formed from leftover tissues that remain in the body after the thyroid gland forms in the fetus.
What causes thyroglossal duct cyst?
The thyroglossal duct is a body part that is present in fetuses to help with the formation of the thyroid gland, but then they disappear. When tissue from this duct remain, they can form voids in the neck where the cysts form.
What are the symptoms of thyroglossal duct cyst?
Aside from the physical presence of the cyst, the condition can also cause redness, swelling, pain, difficulty swallowing and trouble breathing.
What are thyroglossal duct cyst care options?
Symptoms of a thyroglossal duct cyst can be treated with antibiotics. If they recur frequently, surgery to remove the cyst and the remains of the thyroglossal duct is an option.
Reviewed by: Yamilet Tirado, MD
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:11:01 PM
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Dr. Miladys Palau-Collazo is a pediatric endocrinologist with The Division of Endocrinology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital.
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Dr. Yamilet Tirado is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the physician-led multispecialty group practice of Nicklaus Children’s Health System. She is a pediatric otolaryngologist/ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist within the Division of Otolaryngology and sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital and the Nicklaus Children's Aventura Care Center.
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