Also known as: tuberous sclerosis (TS), neurofibromatosis (NF), Sturge-Weber disease
What are neurocutaneous syndromes?
Neurocutaneous syndromes is a broad term for a group of rare neurological lifelong disorders that cause tumors to grow inside the spinal cord, brain, skin, skeletal bones and other organs. The most common ones in children are:
What causes neurocutaneous syndromes?
Most neurocutaneous syndromes are present at birth and appear to be caused either by spontaneous gene changes or as a result of an abnormal gene being passed from parent to baby.
What are the symptoms of neurocutaneous syndromes?
Symptoms vary depending on the exact diagnosis and organs involved. Common symptoms of neurocutaneous syndromes include:
What are neurocutaneous syndrome care options?
As there is no cure for neurocutaneous syndrome, treatments will depend on the severity of the symptoms and may include a variety of medications or surgery as needed. Typically a pediatric neurologist will head a health care team which might include the child’s pediatrician, neurosurgeon, orthopedic surgeon, ophthalmologist, oncologist and rehabilitation team.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 5/24/2018 11:20:51 AM
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From the Newsdesk
Dr. John Ragheb, Director of the Division of Neurosurgery at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, is among a group of renowned physicians who developed the first evidence-based guideline in the U.S. on mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and concussions among children, published by the CDC in September.
Dr. Aaron Berger is a pediatriac hand surgeon at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. For more information about the Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Disorders Program, please visit nicklauschildrens.org/BrachialPlexus