Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
Also known as: SWS
What is Sturge-Weber Syndrome?
This is a rare congenital disorder associated with a Port-Wine Stain
birthmark on the face, glaucoma, seizures, intellectual disabilities, and arteriovenous malformations of the brain.
The brain is usually affected on the same side of the head as the birthmark. The syndrome may be diagnosed at birth by seizures accompanied by a large Port-Wine Stain birthmark (light pink to deep purple) on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the face, due to an overabundance of capillaries. Some children will also have intellectual disabilities, muscle weakness, and about 50% will have glaucoma.
Treatment for Sturge-Weber Syndrome
Treatment for the Sturge-Weber is symptomatic, with laser treatment used to lighten or remove the birthmark, anticonvulsants to control seizures, physical therapy to strengthen muscles, and yearly ophthalmology monitoring for glaucoma. Prognosis is worse for children who develop neurological symptoms before age 2.
This page was last updated on: 8/13/2018 10:30:29 AM
From the Newsdesk
In observance of vascular birthmarks awareness month, The International Birthmarks Institute at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital held its first Vascular Birthmarks Conference at the hospital’s main campus on May 5th. The event brought together patients, families and medical professionals representing a range of specialties to present the latest in diagnosis, treatment and research related to birthmarks.