Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Also known as: ADEM acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis?

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a brain disorder that occurs more often in children than adults. It involves an inflammatory response in the brain causing alteration of mental state and other neurologic symptoms.

What causes acute disseminated encephalomyelitis?

Oftentimes, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a rare reaction that occurs after a bacterial or viral infection. It can also occur very rarely after vaccinations.

What are the symptoms of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis?

Common symptoms of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis include trouble with balance, blurred vision, difficulty swallowing, confusion, drowsiness, seizures, headache, or weakness of the arms and legs.

What are acute disseminated encephalomyelitis care options?

Treatments consist of a range immune system modulating medications including steroids and immunoglobulins. A process called plasmapheresis, in which immune system components are drawn from the blood, has also been helpful in treating acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.


Reviewed by: Anuj Jayakar, MD

This page was last updated on: 7/30/2018 8:37:07 AM

Weekly Support Programs

Brain Wellness: Yoga for Kids

This program is provided by a certified yoga instructor. It offers children and teens the following benefits: managing stress through breathing, self-awareness, healthy movement and meditation. Yoga also promotes strength, flexibility, coordination and body awareness. Learn more.

From the Newsdesk

Dr. John Ragheb Contributes to Development of New CDC Guidelines for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Dr. John Ragheb, Director of the Division of Neurosurgery at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, is among a group of renowned physicians who developed the first evidence-based guideline in the U.S. on mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and concussions among children, published by the CDC in September. 
Dr. Aaron Berger Discusses Brachial Plexus Injuries

Dr. Aaron Berger is a pediatriac hand surgeon at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. For more information about the Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Disorders Program, please visit nicklauschildrens.org/BrachialPlexus