In some cases, the examination time is too long to permit the child to try to hold still without sedation. This may be determined in advance or, can be ordered by the radiologist after your child is in the department. Pediatric sedation is only given by a sedation-qualified physician and/or nurse.
While the amount and type of sedation is determined upon arrival by your child's size/weight and age, there are general guidelines for pediatric sedation preparation.
Pediatric Sedation Guidelines for Preparation for Elective Non-Emergency Procedures
Your child will need to have an empty stomach when sedation medications are given. Food or liquid in the child’s stomach may result in vomiting or other reactions. You will be given specific instructions as to when your child must stop eating or drinking before the procedure.
Infants 0 to 6 months:
- Formula without cereal until six (6) hours before the procedure
- Breast milk until four (4) hours before procedure
- Clear liquids (apple juice, Gatorade or water) until two (2) hours before the procedure
Ages 6 months to 10 years:
- Solid foods, milk or formula until eight (8) hours before the procedure
- Clear liquids (apple juice, Gatorade, water) until two (2) hours before the procedure
Ages over 10 years:
No gum or hard candy permitted prior to sedation.
- No solid foods or milk after midnight unless otherwise instructed
- Clear liquids (apple juice, Gatorade, water) until four (4) hours before the procedure