Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Also known as: PMS
What is premenstrual syndrome?
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a group of uncomfortable symptoms or painful cramps that girls commonly experience (~ 75%) just before or during their monthly period.
What causes premenstrual syndrome?
While the cause is unknown, there are many suggestions regarding the possible cause/s. These include changes in hormones levels, psychogenic factors and others.
What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome?
Symptoms may be mild to debilitatingly severe and can involve a broad range of systems - e.g. Gastrointestinal (abdominal cramps/ bloating/nausea/vomiting/backache) - Fluid retention (weight gain, swelling of ankles, hands and feet) - Respiratory-Psychological (irritability/ nervousness/ fatigue/anxiety/ depression and mental problems and many others ) - Neurological/Vascular/Eye (headaches/fainting/ palpitations/ conjunctivitis and others) - in addition some will complain of acne, less sexual drive, trouble sleeping etc..
What are premenstrual syndrome care options?
Over-the-counter pain relievers, lifestyle changes like regular exercise, a healthy diet with less salt/caffeine/sugar, adequate sleep, stress reduction and oral contraceptives may all be of value in managing symptoms.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 10/23/2017 2:35:48 PM
From the Newsdesk
“Adolescence is often the period in a child’s life when he or she begins to separate from his parents and develop his own identity,” says Lorena Siqueira, MD, Adolescent Medical Director at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. “The child’s effort to become more independent can be a difficult time for the whole family.”
Breast development is the first sign of puberty in the majority of adolescent females. This can occur as early as age 8 years.