Also known as: male hypogonadism, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, testosterone deficiency, primary hypogonadism, secondary hypogonadism
What is hypogonadism?
The testicles function as part of a brain/gonad (testis in boys) system that stimulates the testes to secrete the male sex hormone called testosterone. Hypogonadism occurs when any part of this system doesn't function appropriately.
Hypogonadism may occur during intrauterine fetal life, in prepubertal boys, and after puberty.
What causes hypogonadism?
Primary hypogonadism may be caused by many conditions including:
Abnormal development of the testes
Damage to the testes by infection
Injury or other diseases
Radiation or chemotherapy
Secondary hypogonadism may be caused by a number of genetic mutations in genes that cause the pituitary/hypothalamus not to produce the hormones that stimulate the testes, as well as damage to the the pituitary or hypothalamus (by infection, disease or injury), surgery/radiation to that area of the brain, medications and other causes.
What are the signs/symptoms of hypogonadism?
Signs and symptoms depend on when the lack of testosterone begins.
During fetal development less testosterone can result in a boy with female genitalia/ambiguous genitalia or underdeveloped male characteristics.
In prepubertal boys hypogonadism may result in delayed puberty, lack of muscle development, no change in voice depth, lack of hair growth, small penis and testicles, and perhaps some increase in breast size.
In adult men hypogonadism can lead to infertility, erectile dysfunction and loss of body hair, bone or muscle mass, fatigue and decreased sex drive.
What are hypogonadism care options?
Treatment depends on the cause. Replacement of testosterone is the primary treatment for hypogonadism which is available in a number of different forms, from patches to gels to injections and several other forms
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:16:15 PM
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Camp Roaring Sun, which began Monday and runs through Friday, allowed children ages 6 through 12 to take part in traditional camp activities such as swimming, playing outside, and going to a baseball game. All the activities are monitored by Nicklaus pediatric endocrinology nurses to ensure a safe and healthy environment.
Dr. Pedro Pagán is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the physician-led multi-specialty group practice of Nicklaus Children's Health System. He is a pediatric endocrinologist within the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital and sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital and the Nicklaus Children's Aventura Care Center. https://www.nicklauschildrens.org/endocrinology