Mood and Anxiety Disorders
Also known as: depression, anxiety, mental health disorders, affective disorders, and others.
What are mood and anxiety disorders?
Mood and anxiety disorders cover a wide range of conditions that fall under the umbrella of mental health disorders. Common mood disorders (affective disorders) include all types of depression, bipolar disorder, seasonal affective disorder and others. Mood disorders in children/adolescents are more difficult to diagnose as they neither necessarily have the same symptoms nor express themselves as adults do. Mood disorders frequently coexist with other issues like anxiety, drug problems, and bad behavior.
All children have fears and worries every now and then. When however it persists for most days, for weeks, interfere with sleep, causes difficulty concentrating or makes the child/adolescent irritable and easy to upset, an anxiety state is diagnosed. There are a number of types of anxiety disorders which include; generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, separation anxiety, social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, and others.
What causes mood and anxiety disorders?
The causes of mood and anxiety disorders are multiple and varied. Some combination of genetics (running in families), changes in hormone levels, environmental factors such as grief, major or unexpected life changes and stress all appear to play a role.
What are the symptoms of mood and anxiety disorders?
While everyone feels sad or depressed at times, and symptoms can vary widely based on the specific condition. Common symptoms of mood disorders include persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, hopelessness, a feeling of being inadequate with low self-esteem, guilt, difficulty with relationships, changes in appetite and sleep, fatigue, energy loss or irritability, hostility and aggression, lack of interest in activities previously enjoyed, frequent physical complaints and many other symptoms.
Anxiety brings extreme worry, fear, negative thoughts, shortness of breath and other symptoms.
What are mood and anxiety disorders care options?
Mood and anxiety disorders, depending on the diagnosis, are typically treated by alleviating a precipitating factor, with a combination of medication and psychotherapy (frequently cognitive behavioral and/or interpersonal plus family therapy).
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 6/15/2018 8:06:38 AM
Weekly Support Programs
This group therapy program is designed for children ages 7 to 17 with behaviorial issues, including but not limited to ADHD. This support group meets on Wednesdays. Learn more.
Calm Kids is a weekly group therapy course designed to teach children strategies on how to take control over anxiety symptoms. Children will learn how to cope with fears and worries, identify anxiety triggers, how to relax the mind and body and maximize their self-confidence. This group meets on Tuesdays. Learn more.
This eight-week program is specifically designed to empower children ages 7 to 18 through complex sensory experiences. Learn more.
This six-week program is designed for teens ages 13 to 16 experiencing difficulties related to sleep, including daytime sleepiness, trouble waking in the morning, difficulty falling asleep and waking in the middle of the night. Learn more.
Children and teens ages 7 to 17 are invited to join this small discussion group to learn how to make, cultivate and maintain friendships. Participants will learn basic conversational skills, and discuss the use of appropriate humor, how to electronically connect with others, and how to manage disagreements. Learn more.
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The Nicklaus Children’s Heart Program is now a member of the Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Collaborative (CNOC).