Asperger's Syndrome

Also known as: Asperger syndrome, AS, autism spectrum disorder, ASD, Asperger Disorder.

What is Asperger's syndrome?

Asperger's syndrome describes a group of symptoms in children who have difficulties with social, behavioral and communication skills who have only mildly abnormal/good language (more frequently) and cognitive skills with average/above average intelligence. At present it is classified as part of the diagnosis of “autism spectrum disorder.”
 

What causes Asperger's syndrome? 

Asperger's Syndrome is a developmental condition of unknown cause. It tends to be more common in girls and run in families.
 

What are the symptoms of Asperger's syndrome? 

Children with AS have difficulty making friends, like to have fixed daily routines, have long one-sided long discussions about a favorite topic without input from the person they’re talking to, have poor eye to eye contact and few or unusual facial expressions or postures and have difficulty in social situations not picking up social cues or others’ body language. In addition they may have delayed motor development and walk late/ have an awkward gait and difficulty using a knife or fork. They are very sensitive to loud noises or strong tastes. Most symptoms continue into the teen years when they may become withdrawn, socially isolated, anxious and depressed.
 

What are Asperger's syndrome care options? 

Treatment aims at improving a child’s ability to interact with others, to be able to function effectively in society and be self-sufficient. Each child is different and therapy focuses on their specific needs by helping them with communication, social skills, behavior, task management and other life skills. Medications may also be needed for conditions that commonly accompany Asperger's syndrome.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:19:43 PM


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