Ventricular Septal Defect

Also known as: VSD.

What is Ventricular Septal Defect?

The ventricles are the lower chambers of the heart. Ordinarily, the left ventricle pumps blood out to the body, while the right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs. A wall divides the ventricles from one another. But a ventricular septal defect is a hole in this wall. This causes the blood between the two ventricles to mix, which can cause circulation problems in the body.
 

What causes ventricular septal defect? 

Ventricular septal defect is a defect that babies are born with (congenital birth defect). It is often present with other heart problems. The exact cause is not known.
 

What are the symptoms of ventricular septal defect? 

If a baby has a small ventricular septal defect, there may be no symptoms, and the hole may close on its own over time. Larger defects can cause trouble breathing, difficulty feeding or growing, a rapid heartbeat, pale skin or recurring lung infections. Long-term damage to the heart and lungs is possible without treatment.
 

What are ventricular septal defect care options? 

Some small ventricular septal defects require no treatment and only careful monitoring. Larger ventricular septal defects typically need medication to control symptoms and ultimately surgery to repair the damage to the heart.

Reviewed by: Anthony F. Rossi, MD

This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 2:21:06 PM

From the Newsdesk

Li Travels all the way from Shanghai to Nicklaus Children’s for Management of his Complex Heart Condition
Li Hongyang, 37, traveled all the way from his hometown of Shanghai China to find the best possible care for his complex heart condition. What he did not expect is that he would receive his lifesaving treatment at a children’s hospital.
 
Dr. Redmond Burke Discusses Innovations in Cardiac Care Pioneered at Nicklaus Children's Hospital
Dr. Burke is the Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA) Chief of Cardiovascular Surgery with The Heart Program at Nicklaus Children's Hospital.