Sensory Motor Deficits

Also known as: sensory and motor deficits, developmental disorders, sensory and motor disorders.

What are sensory motor deficits?

Sensory and motor development is the process whereby a child gains use and coordination of his/her muscles of the trunk, arms, legs and hands (motor development), and begins to experience (through sensory input) the environment through sight, sounds, smell, taste and hearing.

Motor development follows a general pattern that most babies/ infants/ children will follow. When motor function/movement/coordination ability fall outside of a wide range for normal, motor delay/deficit/tics describes the abnormality.
 

Sensory deficits is a general medical terms that encompasses a wide arrange of symptoms which can include difficulties with one sense like touch or taste or multiple senses.

Many developmental or learning disorders, include difficulties with motor function like delayed sitting, crawling and walking, catching a ball, dancing, playing sports, with difficulty with fine motor skills like writing clearly, and with either hyper responsiveness or unresponsiveness to external stimuli have difficulty with understanding, tolerating and participating in a normal life environment.
 

Autism, apraxia, Tourette’s and many other disorders, each one having their own characteristic presentation typify some of these issues.

 

What causes sensory motor deficits? 

Environmental, intrauterine and genetic factors contribute to poor motor function as do a wide variety of brain insults that may occur during childhood.

The cause of the brain abnormality that gives rise to sensory processing difficulties is not known however twin studies suggest a genetic component.

 

What are the symptoms of sensory motor deficits? 

Sensory motor deficits can take a variety of different forms. Children with sensory processing disorders will be hard to have a conversation or play with; symptoms fall into difficulties interpreting and reacting normally to the environment around them. Motor problems describe the symptoms associated with muscle development, body movements, motor coordination and fine motor skills. Abnormal repetitive movements called “tics” may also be part of the motor abnormalities found.

 

What are sensory motor deficit care options? 

These disorders cannot be cured, but supportive/therapeutic measures in the form of medications and various forms of rehabilitation therapy can improve overall daily function for many of these children.


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 6/15/2018 8:11:11 AM


Upcoming Events

2018 Pediatric Autism Symposium: Ensuring Long Term Outcomes in Children Birth to Five

This one day course will include educational sessions, case studies, and panel discussions that highlight evidence-based information for managing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other related disabilities for children ages birth to 5. Learn more.

Register Online

Weekly Support Programs

​Swimming Lessons

Knowing how to swim saves lives. Swimming and water safety lessons are offered by a trained instructor for babies as young as 6 months to adolescents up to 21 years. Learn more.

Yoga for Kids

Yoga is a great way to get children active in a non- competitive environment. This one-day-a-week class is available for patients currently receiving therapy at one of our Nicklaus Children’s outpatient center locations, their siblings and children residing in our community. Learn more.

From the Newsdesk

Nicklaus Children's Heart Program Joins CNOC
The Nicklaus Children’s Heart Program is now a member of the Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Collaborative (CNOC).
Lucas’ Success Story
August 15, 2017 was the day my son Lucas was admitted to Nicklaus Children’s Hospital for purposes of treating uncontrollable seizures. After being admitted at a previous children’s hospital on three consecutive occasions and many EEGs later, we were referred to Nicklaus Children’s by a neurologist.

Video

video
After Astry was born, her parents noticed that she wasn't progressing as babies typically do. She wasn't able to lift her head and she showed a lot of muscle weakness. Her pediatrician recommended they take her to see a neurologist, and so Astry's parents brought her to Nicklaus Children's Hospital.