Hypothyroidism in Children

Also known as: underactive thyroid gland.

Hypothyroidism In Children

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck that produces two important hormones, thyroxine and triiodothyronine (T4 and T3). When the production of these hormones is lower than usual, the patient has hypothyroidism.
 

What causes hypothyroidism in children?

Hypothyroidism can be congenital meaning the child was born with an anomaly of the thyroid gland formation or function. It can also be caused by inflammation secondary to a dysregulation of the immune system, certain medications, radiation therapy, thyroid surgery, treatment for hyperthyroidism or a complication of other medical conditions.
 

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism in children?

Possible symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
  • fatigue
  • weight gain
  • dry skin
  • swelling
  • muscle weakness
  • high cholesterol
  • constipation or a number of other indications.
 

What are pediatric hypothroidism treatment options?

The common treatment for hypothyroidism is taking hormone replacement therapy in the form of a daily tablet of a synthetic thyroid hormone known as levothyroxine.

Reviewed by: Alejandro Diaz, MD

This page was last updated on: 7/16/2018 11:05:33 AM

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Dr. Pedro Pagán is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the physician-led multi-specialty group practice of Nicklaus Children's Health System. He is a pediatric endocrinologist within the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital and sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital and the Nicklaus Children's Aventura Care Center.