Transjugular Liver Biopsy

Also known as: TJLB.

What is transjugular liver biopsy?

A biopsy is a medical procedure that involves taking a small sample of tissue in order to check for problems. Transjugular liver biopsy is a biopsy performed on the liver via the use of a needle inserted into a vein.

What happens during the procedure?

A needle is inserted into the jugular vein and then a small catheter is passed through the jugular vein and into a vein draining the liver.  A needle that is in the catheter is then placed through the wall of the vein and into the liver. This needle is used to remove some small samples of tissue from the liver. Ultrasound is used to guide the needle during these procedures. 

Is any special preparation needed?

No special preparations are needed for the procedure.

What are the risk factors?

Bleeding, infection or damage to the liver or surrounding structures are all possible risks of transjugular liver biopsy.

Reviewed by: Carrie Firestone Baum, MD

This page was last updated on: 6/21/2019 1:27:06 AM