Swollen gums

Also known as: gingival swelling

What are swollen gums?

The gums are the tissue that lines the jawbones. If the gums protrude or bulge, this swelling can be due to a number of issues. It may also cause the gums to appear red instead of pink and even cover the teeth in severe instances.

What might cause swollen gums?

Common causes of swollen gums include the following:

What are the treatment options?

Swollen gums can be soothed with gentle brushing and flossing, as well as rinsing with a saltwater solution. Drinking plenty of water and avoiding irritants like alcohol and tobacco can also help. A warm compress on the face can also reduce gum pain.

When should you seek medical attention?

Gums that remain swollen for two weeks or longer or are accompanied by other concerning symptoms are worth a discussion with your dentist to determine your treatment options.


Reviewed by: Paula Miranda Bucio, DMD

This page was last updated on: August 25, 2020 11:08 AM

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