Swollen gums

Also known as: gingival swelling

What are swollen gums?

The gums are the tissue that lines the jawbones. If the gums protrude or bulge, this swelling can be due to a number of issues. It may also cause the gums to appear red instead of pink and even cover the teeth in severe instances.

What might cause swollen gums?

Common causes of swollen gums include the following:

What can you do about it?

Swollen gums can be soothed with gentle brushing and flossing, as well as rinsing with a saltwater solution. Drinking plenty of water and avoiding irritants like alcohol and tobacco can also help. A warm compress on the face can also reduce gum pain.

When should you seek medical attention?

Gums that remain swollen for two weeks or longer or are accompanied by other concerning symptoms are worth a discussion with your dentist to determine your treatment options.


Reviewed by: Paula Miranda Bucio, DMD

This page was last updated on: 12/3/2019 2:48:16 PM

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Date: Thursday, December 12, 2019

The 40-foot mobile unit is Nicklaus Children’s Hospital’s latest endeavor to assist families in need as part of its vision “to be where the children are” in South Florida and beyond. In addition to screenings and exams, services can include varnish treatments, dental sealants, oral and health hygiene education as well as referrals for follow-up oral treatment, to underserved families of children who do not have dental insurance. Learn more.

Nicklaus Children's Dental Mobile Unit

Date: Wednesday, December 11, 2019

The 40-foot mobile unit is Nicklaus Children’s Hospital’s latest endeavor to assist families in need as part of its vision “to be where the children are” in South Florida and beyond. In addition to screenings and exams, services can include varnish treatments, dental sealants, oral and health hygiene education as well as referrals for follow-up oral treatment, to underserved families of children who do not have dental insurance. Learn more.