Periodontal Diseases

Also known as: gum disease, gingivitis.

What are periodontal diseases?

Periodontal disease is the medical term for gum disease. There are many types. Gingivitis is typically the mildest, and also the one that most people are familiar with. It causes redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. In severe cases of periodontal disease, bacteria erode gum and supporting bone tissue, causing gum recession, spaces between the teeth and gums, loosening and shifting teeth, and eventually tooth loss.

What causes periodontal diseases?

Bacteria are the cause of gum disease. When people do a poor job of ridding the mouth of bacteria, either through poor food choices or improper dental hygiene and brushing habits, this can lead to the buildup or tartar, which can in turn lead to gum disease.

What are the symptoms of periodontal diseases?

Periodontal diseases can cause a number of symptoms, include gums that are tender, red, swollen, bleeding, painful or receding. The diseases can also cause bad breath, loose or sensitive teeth or pain when chewing.

What are periodontal disease care options?

Treatment will depend on the severity of periodontal diseases. Gingivitis can usually be reversed by daily brushing, flossing, and regular cleanings by a dental professional. In more advanced cases of periodontal disease options include a deep cleaning at the dentist office, medication to treat the infection and/or referral to a dental specialist (periodontist) for consideration of surgical treatment.


Reviewed by: Lesbia Beatriz Drukteinis, DDS

This page was last updated on: 6/21/2019 2:24:49 AM


Upcoming Events

Nicklaus Children's Dental Mobile Unit

Date: Wednesday, October 16, 2019

The 40-foot mobile unit is Nicklaus Children’s Hospital’s latest endeavor to assist families in need as part of its vision “to be where the children are” in South Florida and beyond. In addition to screenings and exams, services can include varnish treatments, dental sealants, oral and health hygiene education as well as referrals for follow-up oral treatment, to underserved families of children who do not have dental insurance. Learn more.