Also known as: neurogenic bladder dysfunction.
What is neurogenic bladder?
Neurogenic bladder means the bladder of a baby/child doesn't empty properly because of problems with the brain, spinal cord or nerves that control bladder function, essentially paralyzing it.
What causes neurogenic bladder?
In babies/children a neurogenic bladder typically results from either a birth defect or from damage occurring later in childhood. Common causes include Spina bifida (a congenital abnormality of the spinal cord), spinal injury (for example from a motor vehicle accident) or from central nervous system or pelvic tumors.
What are the symptoms of neurogenic bladder?
Symptoms generally include:
- urinary incontinence
- urine leakage (dribbling of urine)
- loss of sensation of a full bladder with difficulty releasing urine
- a need to urinate frequently
- passing small urine volumes during voiding.
Symptoms may also include those of a urinary tract infection (uti) or kidney stones.
What are neurogenic bladder care options?
While there is no cure for a neurogenic bladder, multiple treatment options include:
- “Timed urination” to prevent voiding accidents and protect the kidneys
- Inserting a thin tube (catheter), intermittently or permanently (indwelling catheter) into the bladder to empty it.
- Medications to help relax the bladder
- Antibiotics to reduce the chance, or treat a urinary tract infection, insertion of an artificial cuff in the bladder to prevent leakage
- In some cases surgery might be necessary
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: May 22, 2023 01:39 PM