Microcephaly

Also known as: small head size

What is microcephaly?

When a newborn baby or an infant's head is found to be much smaller than normal for its age, the condition is known as microcephaly.


What causes microcephaly?

Causes of microcephaly include those conditions occurring before birth (congenital) like a variety of genetic mutations, maternal problems like alcohol or drug abuse, or exposure to noxious substances or ingestion of some prescription drugs during pregnancy. Environmental factors may also be involved; these may include infections of the baby’s brain during during pregnancy, such as the Zika virus, brain injury, lack of oxygen to the fetus, and other causes.


What are the signs/symptoms of microcephaly?

Common signs and symptoms vary widely. They may include; poor appetite, inadequate weight gain and growth, learning disabilities, speech delays, balance and movement problems, facial deformities, vision and hearing problems, seizures and other issues.


What are microcephaly care options?

While there is no cure for microcephaly, a variety of specialised supporting professionals including pediatric neurologists, physical, occupational, and speech therapists, plus psychological counseling may all be helpful.


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 6/21/2019 2:24:20 AM

Weekly Support Programs

​F.O.C.U.S. Program

8 week program. This group therapy program is designed for children ages 7 to 17 with behaviorial issues, including but not limited to ADHD. The weekly sessions teach innovative techniques to assist children with managing feelings, developing organization skills, maximizing their concentration abilities and socialization skills. Learn more.

​Swimming Lessons

Swimming and water safety lessons are offered by a trained instructor for babies as young as 6 months to adolescents under 21 years old. Teaching plans are individualized and all children, including infants and children with special needs, will be able to learn. Learn more.

Calm Kids

8 week program. Calm Kids is a weekly group therapy course designed to teach children strategies on how to take control over anxiety symptoms. Children will learn how to cope with fears and worries, identify anxiety triggers, how to relax the mind and body and maximize their self-confidence. Learn more.

Camp DMC

Camp DMC is a summer program for children with special needs run by Nicklaus Children’s Dan Marino Outpatient Center. Please note: We will not offer Camp DMC during summer of 2019. Learn more.

Teen Sleep Group

8 week program. This program is designed for teens ages 13-16 experiencing difficulties related to sleep, including daytime sleepiness, trouble waking in the morning, difficulty falling asleep and waking in the middle of the night. The goal of this group is to give teens the tools and strategies they need in order to get more sleep and better quality sleep. Learn more.

Pain Management Group

8 week program. This program is specifically designed to empower children ages 7-18 through complex sensory experiences. Each session is created to teach participants evidenced-based techniques to better manage pain and improve overall quality of life. Learn more.

Brain Wellness: Kids Yoga

This program is provided by a certified yoga instructor. It offers children and teens the following benefits: managing stress through breathing, self-awareness, healthy movement and meditation. Yoga also promotes strength, flexibility, coordination and body awareness. Learn more.

Social Skills Group

8 week program. Children and teens ages 7 to 17 are invited to join this small discussion group to learn how to make, cultivate and maintain friendships. Participants will learn basic conversational skills, and discuss the use of appropriate humor, how to electronically connect with others, and how to manage disagreements. Learn more.