Also known as: Aortic valve stenosis, calcific aortic stenosis
What is Aortic Stenosis?
The aortic valve separates the heart's left ventricle from the aorta, which takes blood to the rest of the body. When someone has aortic stenosis, the aortic valve doesn't open as wide as it should. This prevents blood from flowing out of the heart at its customary rate.
What causes aortic stenosis?
In most children the cause isn't known. In some cases, aortic regurgitation occurs as the result of a birth defect. Other times, calcium deposits over time cause the valve to become more narrow (calcific aortic stenosis). Finally, some diseases, such as rheumatic fever, cause aortic stenosis as a complication.
What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?
Many children will have no symptoms. Possible symptoms of aortic stenosis include chest pain or discomfort, fatigue or breathing problems, coughing, fainting, weakness or dizziness.
What are aortic stenosis care options?
Medications can be used to treat the symptoms of aortic stenosis. Surgery or a procedure called balloon valvuloplasty can also be used to repair the valve.
What are aortic regurgitation care options?
Mild cases are often treated with medications. More severe cases of aortic regurgitation may require surgical repair.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: June 26, 2020 04:01 PM
Learn more about
Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic fever is a disease caused by the body's inflammatory response to a bacterial infection caused by a group A streptococcus bacterial infection of the throat.
Balloon valvuloplasty is a medical procedure that is used to try to correct a heart valve that is either stiff or narrow by using a balloon to widen the valve opening.
Aortic Valve Replacement
Aortic valve replacement is a surgery to remove and replace the heart’s aortic valve. This may be needed if the valve leaks (aortic regurgitation) or has a narrow opening (aortic stenosis).
Ross-Konno procedure is a surgery to repair a damaged aortic valve. The aortic valve is responsible for pumping blood from the heart out to the body. The left ventricular outflow tract is also enlarged as part of the Ross-Konno procedure.