Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Also known as: wrist/hand pain
What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
The median nerve is a mixed (motor and sensory) nerve of the upper extremity. If it becomes compressed as it travels through the wrist, the result can be carpal tunnel syndrome, which causes a number of symptoms in hand.
What causes carpal tunnel syndrome?
The exact cause of carpal tunnel syndrome is unknown. Some speculate that repetitive motion in the hand and wrist, such as when typing at a computer or doing other forms of work, are contributors to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome. Heredity, pregnancy, and other health conditions have been attributed to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome.
What are the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome?
Common symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome may include numbness, tingling, burning, and pain in the fingers (especially the thumb, index and middle fingers). It can also cause a shock-like sensation, as well as weakness or clumsiness in the hand. The symptoms can worsen over time and lead to nerve damage and muscle weakness.
How can carpal tunnel syndrome affect children?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is much less common in children than adults. Injuries to the median nerve, however, can complicate the milestones of developing fine and gross motor skills that occur throughout childhood.
What are carpal tunnel syndrome treatments?
Treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome include anti-inflammatory medications, splinting, bracing, activity changes, steroid injections, and nerve gliding exercises. In severe instances, surgical treatment may be needed.
Reviewed by: Aaron Berger, MD
This page was last updated on: January 14, 2020 09:56 AM
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Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
The ulnar nerve is a mixed (sensory and motor) nerve that runs along the inner part of the elbow. If it gets compressed, the result can be cubital tunnel syndrome, which causes a number of symptoms in the arm and hand.
Wrist/Hand Overuse Injury
Overuse injuries, also known as repetitive strain injuries, can occur in the wrists and hands from performing activities that require repetitive motion or using improper technique. Pain is usually experienced in muscles, nerves, ligaments and/or tendons.
Nerves are the system of fibers that carry signals from the brain to the rest of the body. When an injury or damage occurs to one or many nerves, these are known as nerve injuries.
AIN Syndrome/Pronator Syndrome
AIN syndrome and pronator syndrome are two related conditions that involve nerve dysfunction in the area of the elbow and forearm that cause pain and other symptoms. Both are related to the nerve being compressed or entrapped.