Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Also known as: VSD
What is Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)?
The ventricles are the lower chambers of the heart. Ordinarily, the left ventricle pumps blood out to the body, while the right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs. A wall divides the ventricles from one another. But a ventricular septal defect is a hole in this wall. This causes the blood between the two ventricles to mix, which can cause circulation problems in the body.
What causes ventricular septal defect?
Ventricular septal defect is a defect that babies are born with (congenital birth defect). It is often present with other heart problems. The exact cause is not known.
What are the symptoms of ventricular septal defect?
If a baby has a small ventricular septal defect, there may be no symptoms, and the hole may close on its own over time. Larger defects can cause trouble breathing, difficulty feeding or growing, a rapid heartbeat, pale skin or recurring lung infections. Long-term damage to the heart and lungs is possible without treatment.
What are ventricular septal defect care options?
Some small ventricular septal defects require no treatment and only careful monitoring. Larger ventricular septal defects typically need medication to control symptoms and ultimately surgery to repair the damage to the heart.
Reviewed by: Nancy Dobrolet, M.D.
This page was last updated on: 10/5/2016 11:33:50 AM
From the Newsdesk
Grace was transferred to Nicklaus Children’s for what referring doctors believed were complications associated with neonatal sepsis. Soon after, the care team learned Grace had an enlarged failing heart due to hypoplastic left heart syndrome, a complex congenital heart defect that essentially means the baby was born with half a heart.
Every 3 days, the life of a young athlete is lost due to sudden cardiac death. Usually, there are no advanced signs or symptoms. But the saddest part is that it's entirely preventable. A simple EKG screenig can detect heart problems before it's too late. Miami Children's Hospital is offering this invaluable test free of charge to middle and high school sports participants.