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► Anomalous Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery

What is Anomalous Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery?

Also known as: ALCAPA, anomalous left coronary artery, ALCA

What is Anomalous Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery?

The left coronary artery is the blood vessel that transports blood to the heart. Usually this artery is connected to the aorta, which takes blood out to the rest of the body. But some babies are born with this artery connected to the pulmonary artery, which takes blood that needs oxygen to the lungs. This birth defect is known as anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery.

What causes anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery? 

The cause of anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is unknown. As it is extremely rare, it seems to affect different genders, ethnicities and people in geographical areas fairly equally.

What are the symptoms of anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery? 

The heart defect caused by anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery causes the heart to receive blood that is starved of oxygen. This leads to symptoms such as pale skin, poor feeding, sweating, rapid breathing, pain, distress and abnormal heart rhythm in babies. If the defect is not corrected, it can lead to heart attack and death.

What are anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery care options? 

The condition requires surgery to correct. After surgery, many infants can go on to lead healthy, normal lives.

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