Pterygium Syndrome

Also known as: multiple pterygium syndrome, popliteal pterygium syndrome.

What is ptergyium syndrome?

Pterygium syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by webs of skin across the knee joints and other joints of the body, such as the fingers and toes. One form of the disease, multiple pterygium syndrome, is characterized by a lack of muscle movement that causes joint and mobility problems as a person ages. Another form of the disease, popliteal pterygium syndrome, may have associated abnormalities such as cleft lip, cleft palate and other issues related to the skin, face or genitals.

What causes pterygium syndrome?

Pterygium syndrome is a genetic disorder that can be passed along from parents to their children.

What are the symptoms of pterygium syndrome?

Symptoms of pterygium syndrome will vary based on which type of disorder is present. Both forms of pterygiumsyndrome can cause webs of skin on the body’s joints, limited mobility and folds of skin on the face or elsewhere on the body.

Other possible symptoms of pterygiumsyndrome include cleft lip, cleft palate, a curved spine (scoliosis), lack of muscle movement, muscle weakness, undescended testes and many other symptoms. Some forms of pterygiumsyndrome can be life-threatening.  

What are ptergyium syndrome care options?

There is no cure for pterygium syndrome. Care is focused on minimizing the symptoms of the disease and helping individuals live the best life possible. This may include surgery to remove webbing or correct the spine, as well as physical therapy and bracing to help with muscle movement and muscle weakness.

Reviewed by: Scott J Schoenleber, MD

This page was last updated on: March 20, 2024 04:44 PM