Malignant Glioma

Also known as: brain tumor, brain cancer.

What is malignant glioma?

Gliomas are tumors formed from cells (glial cells) that hold the nerve cells in the brain in place, protect them and provide them with food and oxygen. Gliomas are divided into four grades of severity (1-1V) depending on the tumor cells’ appearance. The higher the grade the more severe the glioma. Gliomas can be classified by their location and the type of glial cell from which they arise/most resemble. They vary in size and location.

What causes malignant glioma?

The exact causes are unclear. Hereditary genetic disorders or gene mutations, exposure to radiation or other environmental factors may all play a role.

What are the symptoms of malignant glioma?

Symptoms depend on the location and size of the tumor. Some common symptoms include headache, frequent vomiting without cause, seizures, memory loss, confusion, personality changes, balance and walking problems, speech issues, vision difficulties, and other symptoms.

What are malignant glioma care options?

Treatment options include surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted drug therapy. Occupational, physical and speech rehabilitation is typically required post therapy.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: September 09, 2020 11:26 AM

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