Also known as: blood clots, deep vein thrombosis, DVT.
What is thrombosis?
When a blood clot forms in a blood vessel, the process is known as thrombosis. This is usually a normal bodily function that helps to stop the flow of blood from a damaged blood vessel. After a time these clots normally dissolve after they're no longer needed. Sometimes blood clots form in blood vessels (arteries and/or veins) which aren’t damaged. This can lead to harmful complications.
What causes thrombosis?
An abnormal clotting tendency in children is caused either by inherited genetic disorders of blood clotting (thrombophilias), or is an acquired condition (from damage to blood vessels or a slowed blood flow) resulting from a variety of factors like some medical conditions (e.g.chronic inflammatory conditions ), lack of mobility, obesity, trauma (from catheters), and in older adolescents smoking and oral contraceptive use.
What are the symptoms of thrombosis?
Depending on the vessel involved and the position of the thrombosis symptoms can include pain, swelling, trouble breathing, cough, sweating, anxiety, fatigue or serious complications such as heart attack or stroke.
What are thrombosis care options?
Taking medications that thin the blood (anticoagulants e.g. low-dose aspirin), improving blood flow by activity, preventing blood stagnating in veins (e.g. with compression stockings and walking), managing underlying medical/surgical conditions and lifestyle changes may all singly or in combination be of benefit.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 5/24/2018 11:01:51 AM
The Nicklaus Children’s Cancer & Blood Disorders Center, together with the Brain Institute is proud to host this free event designed to deliver education, support and guidance for children diagnosed with brain tumors and their caregivers. Learn more.
In this edition of Talkin' Kids Health we will discuss cancer effects and the survivorship program at Nicklaus Children's with Dr. Haneen Abdella, Pediaric Oncolgoist at Nicklaus Children's and Kristen Mendez, ARNP and Manager of the Survivorship Program. Learn more.
From the Newsdesk
Children with SCD may present anemia, repeated infections, and shortness of breath.
Children with Leukemia can have different oral manifestations.
When he and his family were still living in Venezuela, Juan Pablo was diagnosed with stage 4 neuroblastoma, an aggressive type of cancer. Watch Juan Pablo’s story and help us raise awareness throughout the month of September for Pediatric Cancer Awareness Month.