SO Arab - Sickle Cell Disease

Also known as: Sickle cell hemoglobin 0 Arab disease, SO Arab disease.

What is SO Arab - sickle cell disease?

S O Arab - sickle cell disease is a variant of sickle cell disease, it is usually a mild form of sickle cell anemia that is prevalent among Arab populations. This causes the body’s hemoglobin, or red blood cells, to take on a sickle shape and not flow through the blood vessels as smoothly, which prevent red blood cells from carrying oxygen effectively. This can cause a number of complications.

What causes SO Arab - sickle cell disease?

S O Arab - sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that is passed along from parents to their children. It’s a recessive genetic disorder, which means that both parents must pass along different genes in order for the child to develop the disorder.

What are the symptoms of SO Arab - sickle cell disease?

S O Arab - sickle cell disease often causes mild anemia, tiredness or weakness. Occasionally, pain and stiffness in the arms, legs or back can occur as blood clumps up in the vessels. Others problems can include an increased risk of infection, an enlarged spleen, eye problems and more.

What are SO Arab - sickle cell disease care options?

Treatments typically involve preventing potential complications and treating them as they arise. People with the disorder receive continuous care to prevent and manage the complications of the disease.

Hydroxyurea is the main treatment for reducing complications. Education is essential to provide supportive and preventive care. The only cure for Sickle Cell disease is bone marrow transplantation; gene therapy will be a curative therapy and will be coming available soon.

Reviewed by: Athena Pefkarou, MD

This page was last updated on: September 30, 2020 04:40 PM

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Learn more about

Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle cell disease is a group of familial red blood cell disorders. Sickle cell disease causes the red blood cells to be oddly shaped, and have difficulty flowing through the blood vessels properly which causes them to break up easily resulting in anemia and damage to the organs. Learn more

Blood and Marrow Transplantation

The transplantation of blood or bone marrow is the procedure of transferring and replacing the hematopietic stem cells. Learn more

Hydroxyurea Treatment

Hydroxyurea is a medicine that can help children and adults with sickle cell disease. Learn more

Exchange Transfusion Therapy

Exchange transfusion therapy is a form of blood transfusion in which the body’s blood is removed and replaced. Learn more