Hydrocephalus

Also known as: Hydrocephalus

What is Hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is primarily an excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain. This excess of cerebrospinal fluid accumulation causes the fluid spaces of the brain to enlarge causing pressure on the surrounding brain. The causes of hydrocephalus may be congenital, following a bleed into the brain (intraventricular hemorrhage), infections, malformations of the brain or even brain tumors in certain locations of the brain. The treatment options include endoscopic third ventriculostomy, cauterization of the choroid plexus, shunt placement.


What causes hydrocephalus?

Experts aren’t exactly sure why hydrocephalus occurs. It may be related to genetic defects or developmental disorders. It also appears to be a complication of other diseases in some instances.


What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus causes different symptoms in infants than in older children and adults. Infants with hydrocephalus typically have a large head, irritability, sleepiness, vomiting and seizures. Older children and adults might experience headache, vision problems, nausea, trouble with balance and personality changes, among other symptoms.


What are hydrocephalus care options?

The treatment for hydrocephalus involves creating a pathway for the excess fluid to flow out of the head to another area of the body. This is usually done with a “shunt system,” though a treatment called third ventriculostomy is also used in some instances.


This page was last updated on: 9/10/2018 8:35:32 AM

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