Also known as: scoliosis, curvature of the spine
What is neuromuscular scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a medical condition in which the spine is curved in an unusual manner, which can lead to other complications. When this curvature is caused by problems related to the spinal cord, the brain or the muscles of the body, it can be classified as neuromuscular scoliosis.
What causes neuromuscular scoliosis?
Another medical condition that impacts the muscles, brain or spinal cord is the cause of neuromuscular scoliosis. A wide variety of conditions can lead to neuromuscular scoliosis, including muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, Friedreich ataxia, and several other conditions.
What are the symptoms of neuromuscular scoliosis?
Along with the curved spine, people with neuromuscular scoliosis typically have problems with balance, coordination, sitting and maintaining good hygiene, among other complications. Pain with neuromuscular scoliosis is rare, but the scoliosis does tend to continue to worsen more over time with neuromuscular scoliosis than with other forms of scoliosis.
What are neuromuscular scoliosis care options?
Braces, a well fitted wheelchair, physical therapy and a procedure that involves the insertion of rods to help the spine grow straight are all possible treatments for neuromuscular scoliosis. In most cases, a child will need spinal fusion surgery to address the problems as they grow older.
Reviewed by: Stephen Graham George Jr., MD
This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:01 PM
Learn more about
Muscular Dystrophy (MD)
Muscular dystrophy describes a broad group of many ( there are 9 major types ), chronic, progressive illnesses that cause the muscles of the body to become increasingly weak and less flexible over time.
Neuromuscular diseases are a large complex group of different types of disorders (for example muscular dystrophies) which affect the cells in the spinal cord, the nerves, the junction between the nerve and muscle (neuromuscular junction) and/or the muscles, that allow for muscle movement.
A scoliosis brace is a non-surgical treatment for scoliosis, or curvature of the spine. It consists of a plastic jacket that wraps around the torso, stretching from the arms to the hips. Straps keep the brace in place as it works at straightening the spine or preventing the curve from getting worse.
Spinal Fusion Surgery
Spinal fusion surgery helps to stop the progression of curving of the spine, known as scoliosis. The surgery helps to not only straighten the curve, but can improve children’s posture, fit of clothing, prevent back pain, and minimize other side effects of scoliosis.