Malalignment Syndrome

Also known as: miserable malalignment syndrome, knee malalignment syndrome

What is malalignment syndrome?

When the bones, muscles and tendons that make up a joint become misaligned due to an injury or other causes, this can lead to malalignment syndrome. This occurs commonly in the knees but can also impact other areas of the body.

What causes malalignment syndrome?

Malalignment syndrome is typically related to traumatic injuries, but it can also occur due to repetitive motion injuries from regular activities such as running. Malalignment can also occur after childbirth or as a result of the aging process.

What are the symptoms of malalignment syndrome?

Joint pain, stiffness, swelling, grinding or clicking sounds or a joint locking or catching are all potential symptoms of malalignment syndrome. The joints may also have a slightly unusual appearance and be visually misaligned. Knee pain in runners is a common symptom of malalignment.

How can malalignment syndrome affect children?

Malalignment is not as common in children as in adults, but it can occur after injuries.

What are malalignment syndrome treatments?

Less severe cases of malalignment syndrome can be managed with physical therapy, strength training exercises, rest and engaging in lower impact activities. Surgical treatment may be needed for more severe or debilitating cases.

Reviewed by: Daniel K Ruggles, DO

This page was last updated on: August 03, 2023 12:10 PM