Mononucleosis

Also known as: infectious mononucleosis, mono, the kissing disease.

What is mononucleosis?

Mononucleosis is a viral infection that is common among adolescents and young adults. It is often called the kissing disease because it can be spread through the saliva, though it can be transmitted in other ways, as well.

What causes mononucleosis? 

Mononucleosis is most often caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses can also cause the disease. Other than kissing, mononucleosis can also be spread by sharing glasses and utensils, as well as sneezes and coughs.

What are the symptoms of mononucleosis? 

Mononucleosis causes symptoms like fatigue, sore throat, fever, headache, skin rash, and a swollen spleen, lymph nodes or tonsils. While the flu-like symptoms only last a couple of weeks, some of the symptoms can last several weeks longer.

What are mononucleosis care options? 

There is no medication that can cure mononucleosis. Individuals with mononucleosis should rest and get plenty of fluids.


Reviewed by: Manuel Rafael Cotilla, MD

This page was last updated on: 5/11/2018 1:44:41 PM

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