Sickle Cell Disease
Also known as: SCD, sickle cell anemia.
What is sickle cell disease?
Sickle cell disease is a group of familial red blood cell disorders. The red blood cell carries hemoglobin, which is the protein inside red blood cells that helps the cells transport oxygen. The hemoglobin in sickle cell disease causes the red blood cells to be oddly shaped, and have difficulty flowing through the blood vessels properly which causes them to break up easily resulting in anemia. Moreover, this odd shape of the red cells cause them to get stuck in the small blood vessel and cause damage to the organs. Sickle cell anemia (SS) is the most common and severe form of sickle cell disease.
What causes sickle cell disease?
Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that is passed down from parents to the children.
What are the symptoms of sickle cell disease?
Common symptoms of sickle cell disease in children can include recurrent pain episodes, fatigue, jaundice, tiredness and pale skin. It can also cause a stroke, learning disability, acute chest, gallstones, damage to the bones.
What are sickle cell disease care options?
Sickle cell disease cannot be cured. People with the disorder receive continuous care to prevent and manage the complications of the disease. These steps might include several medications, as well as education in looking out for and managing symptoms. The only cure for Sickle Cell disease is with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.
Reviewed by: Kamar Godder, MD
This page was last updated on: 9/20/2018 4:14:33 PM
From the Newsdesk
Oscar, 20, was born with Sickle Cell Disease, a condition that affects red blood cells (sickle cell anemia) and blockage of blood flow causing pain. The pain is often so severe; patients suffer painful bouts known as sickle cell crisis and often require hospitalization.
When Mateo was just two years old, his parents were shocked to discover that their toddler developed leukemia. They met with the hematology and oncology specialists at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital and began a treatment protocol that brought Mateo back to health—along with some entertainment from his spirited little sister! Mateo, now 10, is a healthy, typical kid who loves running around with his friends.