Also known as: thalassemia
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which there is less hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells in the body than is typical. Hemoglobin is a substance that allows the blood to carry oxygen throughout the body.
Treatment: Patients with more severe thalassemia may need regular blood transfusions. A blood or marrow transfusion can cure the condition for patients who meet the treatment criteria.