Also known as: hay fever, rhinitis, allergic rhinitis.
What is hay fever allergy?
Hay fever is the common name for allergic rhinitis which most often affects the nose, but can also affect the eyes, throat, sinuses and ears. It may occur seasonally or all year round in about 15% of children.
What causes pollen allergy?
Allergy to a variety of particles trapped in the nose like pollen from grasses, flowers, trees, dust mites, animal fur/hair/skin, mold or cigarette smoke are all common triggers.
Seasonal allergic rhinitis usually begins around 2-5 years of age and most often occurs for 4-8 weeks in the spring through the pollen season.
What are the symptoms of hay fever?
Hay fever symptoms include sneezing, sniffing, itchy and runny nose, ear or sinus congestion, red puffy watery eyes, itchy throat, and fatigue occurring either at the same time each year during pollen season or all year round.
What are pollen allergy care options?
Avoiding offending triggers, over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants, prescription oral or inhaled nasal steroids, cromolyn products, allergy modifiers (leukotriene -Montelukast) or allergy shots (immunotherapy) may all be of value in managing the symptoms of hay fever.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: May 12, 2021 01:46 PM
Dr. Amy Feldman, pediatric allergist and immunologist, explains the triggers and symptoms of environmental allergies in children.
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Environmental allergies are when the immune system overreacts to things normally considered harmless in the environment like pollens, dust mite, animals, and molds.
Allergic rhinitis usually presents in early childhood as an inflammatory reaction in the eyes, nose and throat caused by the body’s response to an allergen (grass, weed pollen, pet dander, dust mites, mold, etc).
Allergy Immunotherapy Treatment
Allergy shots reprogram the body’s immune system to reduce or eliminate allergic symptoms. They offer increased quality of life and are the only treatment available that provide long-term relief by eliminating or reducing allergic symptoms. Allergy shots are not effective for food allergies.