Developmental milestones record - 2 years
Growth milestones for children - 2 years; Normal childhood growth milestones - 2 years; Childhood growth milestones - 2 years
Physical and motor skill markers:
- Able to turn a door knob
- Can look through a book turning one page at a time
- Can build a tower of 6 to 7 cubes
- Can kick a ball without losing balance
- Can pick up objects while standing, without losing balance (This often occurs by 15 months. It is a cause for concern if not seen by 2 years.)
- Can run with better coordination. (May still have a wide stance.)
- May be ready for toilet training
- Should have the first 16 teeth (The actual number of teeth can vary widely.)
- At 24 months, will reach about half final adult height
Sensory and cognitive markers:
- Able to put on simple clothes without help (The child is often better at removing clothes than putting them on.)
- Able to communicate needs such as thirst, hunger, need to go to the bathroom
- Can organize phrases of 2 - 3 words
- Can understand 2-step command such as "give me the ball and then get your shoes"
- Has increased attention span
- Vision is fully developed
- Vocabulary has increased to about 50 - 300 words (Healthy children's vocabulary can vary widely.)
- Allow the child to help around the house and take part in the daily family chores.
- Encourage active play and provide enough space for healthy physical activity.
- Encourage play that involves building and creativity.
- Provide safe copies of adult tools and equipment. Many children like to mimic activities such as cutting the grass or sweeping the floor.
- Read to the child.
- Try to avoid television watching at this age (recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics).
- Control both the content and quantity of television viewing. Limit screen time to less than 3 hours per day. One hour or less is better. Avoid programming with violent content. Redirect the child to reading or play activities.
- Control the type of games the child plays.
Feigelman S. The second year. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 9.