Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney
Also known as: MCDK, multicystic renal dysplasia, multicystic kidney.
What is multicystic dysplastic kidney?
Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a common birth defect (approximately 1:4300 live births) in which a baby’s normal kidney tissue (usually only on one side) is replaced by many cysts. If one kidney only is affected the other one can function normally-if both kidneys are affected the baby cannot survive because the kidneys not only make the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby that allows him/her to move but also contributes to fetal lung growth and development.
What causes multicystic dysplastic kidney?
Multicystic dysplastic kidney is due to a genetic mutation. It sometimes runs in families, but in most cases it occurs spontaneously.
What are the symptoms of multicystic dysplastic kidney?
One-sided Multicystic dysplastic kidney does not cause any symptoms. Typically the condition is found during a prenatal ultrasound examination and the other functioning kidney handles all kidney function.
What are multicystic dysplastic kidney care options?
No treatment is needed for multicystic dysplastic kidney, even though ongoing monitoring by abdominal ultrasound is advised to monitor the progression of the cystic kidney and to identify the development of high blood pressure (hypertension).
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:18:30 PM
From the Newsdesk
Dr. Nwobi is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the multispecialty group practice of Nicklaus Children’s Health System. He is a pediatic nephrologist within the Division of Nephrology at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. Dr. Nwobi sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital.
The Boynton Beach Care Center is the newest Nicklaus Children’s care location and offers a range of services for children from birth through 21 years of age.
At 12 years old, Milagros was diagnosed with lupus, an autoimmune disease that causes the body to attack itself. In Milagros’ case, the disease attacked her kidneys, and a few years after her diagnosis, her kidneys completely shut down.