Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Also known as: HUS
What is hemolytic uremic syndrome?
Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a fairly uncommon life-threatening form of kidney disease which can result in kidney failure (uremia). It occurs when too many damaged red blood cells (hemolyzed) clog the blood vessels of the kidneys leading to problems with the kidney’s filtering abilities.
What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
Hemolytic uremic syndrome may have known or unknown causes. Typically it occurs after a child gets an E. coli infection, however, it can occur after taking certain medications or from the presence of cancer somewhere in the body. Rarely is may be genetic occurring in families and when no existing disease is present is called atypical HUS.
What are the symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
Symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome include bloody/watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, pale skin, unusual bruising or bleeding, fatigue, irritability, seizures, high blood pressure, generalized or swelling of hands and feet and little urine output.
What are hemolytic uremic syndrome care options?
Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a serious condition that requires supportive treatment with hospitalization and/or Critical Care department (ICU) admission. Intravenous fluid/nutrition, platelet and red blood cell transfusions, plasma exchange, medications to control a high blood pressure, and kidney dialysis are all possible treatment options.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:18:33 PM
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Dr. Nwobi is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the multispecialty group practice of Nicklaus Children’s Health System. He is a pediatic nephrologist within the Division of Nephrology at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. Dr. Nwobi sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital.
The Boynton Beach Care Center is the newest Nicklaus Children’s care location and offers a range of services for children from birth through 21 years of age.