Imperforate Hymen

Also known as: pediatric imperforate hymen.

What is imperforate hymen?

The hymen is a thin layer of tissue that commonly surrounds the vaginal opening in girls. If the hymen covers the entire vaginal opening, it is known as imperforate hymen. It is a birth defect.

What causes imperforate hymen? 

The cause of an imperforate hymen, which is congenital abnormality (present at birth) is not known.

What are the symptoms of imperforate hymen?

Frequently there are no symptoms until the girl reaches puberty, when the imperforate hymen prevents blood from flowing out of the vagina during menstruation (amenorrhea). When the blood distend the vagina, it can lead to stomach fullness or pain, back pain or difficulty with going to the bathroom (both to urinate and/pass stool).

What are imperforate hymen care options? 

Imperforate hymen requires removal during a minor surgical procedure.


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:16:46 PM

From the Newsdesk

Navigating the Teen Years - A Parental Survival Guide
“Adolescence is often the period in a child’s life when he or she begins to separate from his parents and develop his own identity,” says Lorena Siqueira, MD, Adolescent Medical Director at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. “The child’s effort to become more independent can be a difficult time for the whole family.”
Common Questions About Breast Development
Breast development is the first sign of puberty in the majority of adolescent females. This can occur as early as age 8 years.