Juvenile Arthritis

Also known as: oligoarticular arthritis, polyarticular arthritis, systemic arthritis.

What is juvenile arthritis?

Arthritis is a common medical condition that involves swelling, irritation and pain in the joints of the body. When this impacts children, it’s known as juvenile arthritis. Juvenile arthritis impacts almost 250,000 children under the age of 16.


What causes juvenile arthritis?

Juvenile arthritis can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from genetic mutations that are present at birth to the body’s immune system attacking itself in the case of rheumatoid arthritis. In some cases, the cause of juvenile arthritis isn’t known.


What are the symptoms of juvenile arthritis?

Pain, stiffness, joints that are warm to the touch and are swollen, weakness, growth problems, eye problems and a child who is less willing to play than others are common symptoms related to juvenile arthritis.


What are juvenile arthritis care options?

A combination of medications, physical therapy and special exercises are typically used to treat children with juvenile arthritis. The strength of the medications can range from over-the-counter pain relievers to more serious disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. In rare cases, surgery may be needed to correct problems related to juvenile arthritis.


Reviewed by: Michael A Tidwell, MD

This page was last updated on: 9/12/2018 1:28:00 PM

Weekly Support Programs

​Swimming Lessons

Knowing how to swim saves lives. Swimming and water safety lessons are offered by a trained instructor for babies as young as 6 months to adolescents under 21 years old. Learn more.

Camp DMC

Camp DMC is a summer program for children with special needs run by Nicklaus Children’s Dan Marino Outpatient Center. Please note: We will not offer Camp DMC during summer of 2019. Learn more.

Yoga for Kids

Yoga is a great way to get children active in a non- competitive environment. This one-day-a-week class is available for patients currently receiving therapy at one of our Nicklaus Children’s outpatient center locations, their siblings and children residing in our community. Learn more.