Congenital Spine Anomalies
Also known as: congenital spine abnormalities; deformities; anomalies and/or malformations of the spine
What are congenital spine anomalies?
Congenital deformities of the spine are usually identified at birth. Many are minor bony abnormalities that cause no problem and are only found during X-rays done for other reasons. Rarely, congenital spinal abnormalities may be progressive resulting in significant spinal deformity. These include scoliosis, kyphosis, torticollis, lordosis and other vertebral defects.
What causes congenital spine anomalies?
The exact cause of congenital spine anomalies isn’t clear. It may involve some combination of environmental factors and genetics. Congenital spine anomalies can result as a complication of other diseases, including Down syndrome. Exposure to cigarette smoke, pesticides and other toxins can also play a role.
What are the signs and symptoms of congenital spine anomalies?
Severe congenital spine anomalies are often visible in the form of a curved or deformed spine. These problems can also lead to problems with mobility, as well as pain and other complications.
What are congenital spine anomaly care options?
Less severe anomalies may be able to be treated and corrected with exercise, physical therapy, stretching or bracing. Depending on the type and severity of the spinal abnormality, a variety of surgeries may be needed.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 8/7/2018 9:26:09 AM
From the Newsdesk
Growing up, Haley Gantt suffered from scoliosis. She had to wear a back brace to prevent her curve from worsening, but unfortunately, she was later told that a spinal fusion surgery would have to be considered because the brace had failed to prevent the curve from progressing. She fought hard and got through it. An accomplished basketball player, Haley is now on her way to playing Division II basketball for Biola University in Southern California.
Learn about Scoliosis with Dr. Stephen George, Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon, at Nicklaus Children's Hosptial.