Esophageal Atresia

Also known as: EA.

What is esophageal atresia?

When a fetus’s esophagus, the tube that carries food to the stomach, does not develop correctly, the defect is known as esophageal atresia. This birth defect is often present with others, including a bad connection between the esophagus and windpipe (known as tracheoesophageal fistula). These defects can cause a number of problems.

 

What causes esophageal atresia?

Researchers aren’t sure exactly what causes esophageal atresia. There appears to be a genetic component to the birth defect.

 

What are the symptoms of esophageal atresia?

Babies with esophageal atresia have trouble feeding and breathing. This leads to drooling, coughing, gagging, choking and a bluish color when babies try to feed and occasionally difficulty breathing.   

 

What are esophageal atresia care options?

Surgery is needed to repair esophageal atresia as soon as possible after birth. A baby will need to be fed by IV nutrition until the surgery can take place.


 

Reviewed by: Shifra A Koyfman, MD

This page was last updated on: 2/3/2018 4:56:14 PM


Upcoming Events

Ventilation Assisted Children's Center (VACC) Camp

VACC Camp is a week-long sleep-away camp for children requiring ventilator assistance (tracheostomy ventilator, C-PAP, BiPAP, or oxygen to support breathing) and their families.  Learn more.

Register Online

From the Newsdesk

Bianca’s Journey to Being Pain Free
Bianca suffered from pain and a severe bowleg deformity for many years as a result of Blount’s disease, a growth disorder that affects the bones in children and young adults.