Also known as: flat head syndrome
What is plagiocephaly?
It is a condition characterized by a flattening of the skull on one side or on the back of the head.
What causes plagiocephaly?
Plagiocephaly occurs more commonly in twins, multiple births, premature babies, babies positioned on their backs when in the uterus (restrictive environment), babies born after a prolonged labor and commonly those babies who are nursed lying on their backs for too long.
What are the symptoms of plagiocephaly?
Long-term symptoms may include mild developmental and learning difficulties.
What are plagiocephaly care options?
Typically, when the conditions causing the flattening are changed or eliminated after birth, the condition will improve as the baby grows. After birth, reducing the pressure on the head by repositioning the baby’s head during the day, is frequently effective.
If conservative treatment is unsuccessful, or if the deformity is severe, individualized helmets may be considered at 3 to 18 months of a child’s life.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 6/12/2018 11:00:41 AM
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From the Newsdesk
Dr. John Ragheb, Director of the Division of Neurosurgery at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, is among a group of renowned physicians who developed the first evidence-based guideline in the U.S. on mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and concussions among children, published by the CDC in September.
Dr. Chad Perlyn is a pediatric plastic surgeon with the Division of Plastic Surgery at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. For more information, please visit nicklauschildrens.org/BWS